MEMBERSHIP FEES 2019
The recent AGM (held on 7th November 2018) approved the proposal to increase the ordinary annual fee to £535 (a £10 increase) with effect from January 1st 2019 - but for those paying by annual direct debit the fee will remain at the current price of £510. It was also agreed to extend the maximum age range for Young Person's Membership from 24 to 26.
The £10 increase in ordinary annual membership represents a 1.9% increase. Proportionate increases will be applied for the other membership categories, and life membership fees will be broadly increased by the same percentage as annual fees.
The new rates are as follows:
- Annual - £535 (which can be spread across monthly payments of £44.58)
- Payment by annual direct debit - £510
Spouse/partner membership (for spouses or partners of full annual or life members)
- Annual - £267.50 (which can be spread across monthly payments of £22.29)
- Payment by annual direct debit - £255
Young Persons’ Membership (for all members aged 16-26)
- Annual - £267.50
- Payment by annual direct debit - £255
Temporary overseas membership (for overseas visitors)
- 4 months’ duration - £267.50
Extra borrowing allowances
- Additional 5 volumes - £46
Public libraries - £48 per volume
Educational/charitable institutions (10 or more staff/members)
- Annual - £1,070
- Additional 5 volumes - £138
Other institutions (10 or more staff/members)
- Annual - £1,605
- Additional 5 volumes - £230
Smaller institutions (Less than 10 staff/members)
- Annual - £642
- Additional 5 volumes - £92
- Age 80 and over - £1,500
- 75 to 79 - £4.000
- 70 to 74 - £5,800
- 65 to 69 - £7,800
- 60 to 64 - £10,600
- 55 to 59 - £12,300
- 50 to 54 - £14,200
- 45 to 49 - £15,800
- 40 to 44 - £17,500
- 35 to 39 - £19,200
- 30 to 34 - £20,900
- 25 to 29 - £22,300
- 18 to 24 - £23,300
THE BOOKS THAT MADE DRACULA
The London Library today unveiled a fascinating discovery that sheds new light on how Dracula was researched and written. We've found 26 books that are almost certainly the original copies that Bram Stoker used to help research his enduring classic.
Philip Spedding, the Library’s Development Director who made the discovery, commented: “Bram Stoker was a member of The London Library but until now we have had no indication whether or how he used our collection. Today’s discovery changes that and we can establish beyond reasonable doubt that numerous books still on our shelves are the very copies that he was using to help write and research his masterpiece.”
Philip’s detective trail began with the collection of Stoker’s handwritten and typed notes that had been discovered in 1913 but only published in facsimile form in 2008*. The notes list a wide range of Stoker’s sources for Dracula and include hundreds of references to individual lines and phrases that he considered relevant. A recent trawl of our shelves has revealed that the Library has original copies of 25 of these books, carrying detailed markings that closely match Stoker’s notebook references.
The markings range from crosses and underlinings against relevant paragraphs, to page turnings on key pages, to instructions to have someone copy entire sections into his typewritten notes.
Some of the most heavily marked books include Sabine Baring-Gould’s “Book of Were-Wolves” and Thomas Browne’s “Pseudodoxica Epidemica”. But the range of titles also sheds light on the detail of Stoker’s geographical and historical research – for example, AF Crosse’s “Round About the Carpathians” and Charles’ Boner’s “Transylvania”.
The suggestion that Stoker was using the Library heavily is given added weight by the timing of his seven-year membership which coincides almost exactly with the period when he was working on Dracula and beginning to develop an active writing career alongside his already very successful role as theatre manager at The Lyceum Theatre. Earlier research by our Archive Librarian Helen O’Neill showed that he joined in 1890, the year he visited Whitby and first developed the idea for his vampire story, and he finally left the Library in 1897, the year Dracula was published. His membership form is seconded by his close friend Henry Hall Caine, a bestselling author of the day, a London Library member, and the man to whom Stoker dedicated Dracula, using Hall Caine’s nickname “Hommy-Beg”.
Philip Spedding continued, “It is almost certain that the books we have found have been marked up by Bram Stoker himself and that he drew heavily on The London Library’s collection to help research Dracula. Indeed, it is not fanciful to suggest that his extraordinary tale of the Transylvanian undead has many of its origins in the quiet confines of St. James’s Square.”
Professor Nick Groom from Exeter University and a leading expert on gothic literature said, “This is a very exciting discovery. I have examined the books and their annotations with Philip Spedding and have compared them with Bram Stoker’s own notes. I am in no doubt that Bram Stoker used these very copies for Dracula – a book that took him seven years to write. They demonstrate that The London Library was the crucible of one of the most influential novels in world history.”
Philip Marshall, Director of The London Library concluded: “Bram Stoker followed the same path that many writers have pursued before and since - using the Library to transition into a serious writing career, and drawing heavily on the Library’s collection to seek inspiration and ideas for his masterpiece. With the Library’s incredible list of members past and present, some of the most famous characters in fiction must have been developed here – with today’s discovery we can feel sure that Dracula was one of them. We hope that many aspiring writers will follow Bram Stoker’s example and use The London Library as a source of inspiration and support when creating their own masterpieces.”
Creation Theatre Dracula performance
Following the discovery that the Library’s collection is intimately connection with the creation of Dracula, we're proud to announce that in February 2019 we will be hosting 18 performances of Creation Theatre’s acclaimed theatre production of “Dracula”. Tickets are on sale now.
Creation Theatre have established a growing reputation for their innovative theatrical adaptions of famous books with performances taking place in dramatic and unexpected locations. “Dracula” features just two actors and draws on innovative audio-visual design to tell the story of Bram Stoker’s great creation.
18 performances will take place in The London Library Reading Room from 7.30pm on Wednesday, Thursday, Friday and Saturday evenings between 2nd February and 2nd March 2019 (2nd Feb is a Preview).
Tickets are on sale now at £28 for London Library members and £32 for non-members and £15 for Preview tickets.
Books referenced in Bram Stoker’s notebooks that are still on the Library’s shelves
- Nineteenth Century XVIII, Mme Emily de Laszowka Gerard, Kegan Paul, Trench & Co, July 1885
- The Book of Were-Wolves, Sabine Baring-Gould, Smith, Elder and Co, 1865
- Pseudodoxia Epidemica, Thomas Browne, 1672
- Magyarland, Nina Elizabeth Mazuchelli, Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington, 1881
- The Golden Chersonese, Isabella Bird, John Murray, 1883
- Round about the Carpathians, AF Crosse, Blackwoods, 1878
- On the Track of Crescent, Major EC Johnson, Hurst & Blackett, 1885
- Transylvania: Its Products and Its People, Charles Boner, Longman, Green, Reader & Dyer, 1865
- An Account of the Principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia, William Wilkinson, Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown, 1820
- Curious Myths of the Middle Ages (2 vol), Sabine Baring-Gould, Rivington, 1868
- Germany Past and Present (2 vol), Sabine Baring-Gould, C Kegan Paul & Co, 1879
- Legends & Superstitions of the Sea, Bassett
- The Origin of Primitive Superstitions, Dorman, Lippincott, 1881
- Credulities Past & Present, W Jones, Chatto & Windus, 1880
- The Folk-Tales of The Magyars, The Rev W Henry Jones and Lewis L. Kropf, The Folk-Lore Society, 1889
- Superstition & Force, HC Lea, Lea Brothers & Co, 1892
- Sea Fables Explained, Henry Lee, William Cloves & Sons, 1883
- Anecdotes of the Habits and Instincts of Birds, Reptiles and Fishes, Mrs R Lee, Grant & Griffith, 1853
- The Other World; or, Glimpses of the Supernatural. Being Facts, Records, and Traditions, FG Lee, Henry S King & Co, 1875
- Letters on the Truths Contained in Popular Superstitions, Herbert Mayo, Blackwood, 1849
- The Devil: His Origin, Greatness and Decadence, Rev Albert Réville, Williams & Norgate, 1871
- A Tarantasse Journey through Eastern Russia in the Autumn of 1856, W Spottiswode, Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans & Roberts
- Miscellany, W Spottiswode
- Traité des Superstitions qui Regardent les Sacraments (4 vol), Jean-Baptiste Thiers, Louis Chambeau, 1777
- The Phantom World: or, The Philosophy of Spirits, Apparitions &c. (2 vol), Augustin Calmet, Richard Bentley, 1850
- The Land Beyond the Forest (2 vol), E Gerard, William Blackwood & Sons, 1888
Other books on the Library’s shelves not referenced in Stoker’s notebooks but containing comparable marginalia
- On the Truths Contained in Popular Superstitions with an Account of Mesmerism, H Mayo, William Blackwood & Sons, 1851
- La Magie et L'Astrologie dans L'Antiquité at au Moyen Age, Didier et Cie, 1860
- Anecdotes of the Habits and Instincts of Animals, Mrs R Lee, Grant & Griffith, 1852
- Narratives of Sorcery and Magic (2 vol), Thomas Wright, Richard Bentley, 1851
- Things not Generally Known. Popular Errors Explained, John Timbs, Kent & Co, 1858
- Roumania Past and Present, James Samuelson, Longmans, Green & Co, 1882
Books referenced in Bram Stoker’s notebooks no longer on the Library’s shelves
- A Glossary of Words used in the Neighbourhood of Whitby, FK Robinson
- The Natural & Supernatural of Man, John Jones,
- History & Mystery of Previous Stones, W Jones
- Superstition Connected with Hist & Medicine
Books referenced in Bram Stoker’s notebooks never held by the Library
- Fishery Barometer Manual, Robert Scott
- The Theory of Dreams (2 vol), FC & J Rivington, St. Pauls Churchyard, 1808
- Sea Monsters Unmasked, Henry Lee
- A report in IBIS on "The Birds of Translyvania", Danford and Brown
* ‘Bram Stoker’s Notes For Dracula’ was published in 2008 in a facsimile edition annotated and transcribed by Robert Eighteen-Bisang and Elizabeth Miller
The 177th Annual General Meeting of The London Library will take place on Wednesday 7th November 2018 in the Reading Room at 6.00 pm. Members are cordially invited to enjoy a glass of wine before the meeting and to meet Trustees and senior staff in the Issue Hall from 5.30 pm. Click here to download this year's agenda.
October saw the completion of the project to replace the windows on the Lightwell Room side of the St James’s stacks (the old windows had deteriorated beyond the point where they could be realistically repaired). We have now installed custom-made replacements which look nearly identical but are also double-glazed and reduce the levels of solar gain.
The windows replacement work has been part of a wider project to upgrade member facilities in the St James’s stacks with the installation of 12 new oak and leather insert desks and the improvement to the existing six desks. The new desks – installed in early November - will be housed on the three floors overlooking St James’s Square. To make way for them the modern metal bookshelves have been removed, and the books they contained have been re-located elsewhere within the Library. The new desks will expand the Library’s overall desk provision by nearly 10% and should mean that spare desks will be easier to find during busy periods. It will also help with our wider ambition to increase membership numbers, which as we have communicated previously is a fundamental part of ensuring a stable financial position for the Library.
We're grateful to members for putting up with the disruption and want to thank everyone who has given so generously to the windows replacement appeal. The Appeal has raised enough funds to cover all of the work, meaning that none of it now needs to come out of operating resources. The appeal is now closed but look out for the donor board that will be appearing soon alongside the new windows on the 2nd floor, as well as plaques recognising donations to name individual windows.
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